Region information

Central Valley



The Central Valley is made by the provinces of San José, Heredia and Alajuela. It is the most populated region, where the capital San José is found. Coffee plantation began in this region and latter were carried to the other producing regions in the country. In the Central Valley volcanoes such as Irazú, Barva and Poás, are located, which nourish the soils where coffee is cultivated.

Source Instituto del Café de Costa Rica (ICAFE)

Organoleptic characteristics

The volcanic soils and the climate of the Central Valley produce a coffee of excellent characteristics of cup with a presence chocolate in its flavor.

Source Instituto del Café de Costa Rica (ICAFE)


This region has well-defined wet and dry seasons, with a total rainfall of 3,000 mm in 155 days a year and a humidity of 84%. The temperature of 20 degrees Celsius is in stable and sunshine average from 44 to 54% and 2,150 hours. The region extends from 800 to 1,600 meters above sea level, however more than 80% of the coffee trees are grown between 1,000 and 1,400 meters. The altitude of the Central Valley affects the size and hardness of the coffee bean and influences certain components of the quality of the drink, especially its acidity; these elements added to the characteristics of Arabica coffee, provide an aromatic, delicate and tasty drink. Soils in this region have a slight degree of tropical acidity product of the volcanic ashes; they are rich in organic matter which favors moisture retention, a good distribution of the roots, and facilitates oxygenation. This combination favor vigor to the coffee plant, which contributes to its excellent quality. Harvest runs from November to mid-March.

Source Instituto del Café de Costa Rica (ICAFE)

Location of producers in this region

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